Police Systems and Practices

CRIJ 2328

Updated August 30, 2011

  • State Approval Code: 4301045724
  • Semester Credit Hours: 3
  • Lecture Hours per Week: 3
  • Contact Hours per Semester: 48

Catalog Description

The police profession; organization of law enforcement systems; the police role; police discretion; ethics; police-community interaction; current and future issues.

Course Curriculum

Basic Intellectual Compentencies in the Core Curriculum

  • Reading
  • Speaking

Perspectives in the Core Curriculum

  • Establish broad and multiple perspectives on the individual in relationship to the larger society and world in which he/she lives, and to understand the responsibilities of living in a culturally and ethnically diversified world.
  • Develop personal values for ethical behavior.

Core Components and Related Exemplary Educational Objectives

Social and Behavioral Sciences

  • To examine social institutions and processes across a range of historical periods, social structures, and cultures.
  • To develop and communicate alternative explanations or solutions for contemporary social issues.
  • To analyze the effects of historical, social, political, economic, cultural, and global forces on the area under study.
  • To comprehend the origins and evolution of U.S. and Texas political systems, with a focus on the growth of political institutions, the constitutions of the U.S. and Texas, federalism, civil liberties, and civil and human rights.
  • To differentiate and analyze historical evidence (documentary and statistical) and differing points of view.
  • To analyze, critically assess, and develop creative solutions to public policy problems.

Instructional Goals and Purposes

Panola College's instructional goals include 1) creating an academic atmosphere in which students may develop their intellects and skills and 2) providing courses so students may receive a certificate/an associate degree or transfer to a senior institution that offers baccalaureate degrees.

General Course Objectives

1. The student will have knowledge of the organizational structure of police departments.
2. The student will learn the police role in the criminal justice system.
3. The student will learn police ethics and the necessity of good police community relations.

Specific Course Objectives

Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1. Explain the role of police in society and in the criminal justice system.
2. Explain ethical behavior for police.
3. Describe the historical development of the organizational structure of a law enforcement agency.
4. Describe the use of police discretion.
5. Describe current and future issues concerning policing in America.

General Description of Each Lecture or Discussion

See general course objectives

Methods of Instruction/Course Format/Delivery

The course is predominately lecture on theory and practices within a law enforcement career, using PowerPoint, and video. Guest lecturers may be invited periodically to speak as well.


Students will be graded on a series of written objective tests for their grade. A subjective portion will be derived from class participation, class attendance, and preparedness for the class material.
Yes. Your grade will be determined from a series of written objective exams over chapter/course material and a comprehensive final exam. A subjective portion of the grade will be determined by the instructor from class attendance, class participation, and class preparedness as determined by responses during lectures.

Text, Required Readings, Materials, and Supplies

1. Policing America Challenges and Best Practices, Peak, 6th Edition, Pearson/Prentice Hall

Helpful Links