# PHYS 1401

# College Physics I

### PHYS 1401

**State Approval Code:**4008015303**Semester Credit Hours:**4**Lecture Hours per Week:**3**Lab Hours per Week:**3**Contact Hours per Semester:**96

### Catalog Description

An introductory course in physics for all students. Concepts and models are

developed to explain topics in mechanics, including motion, force, and energy for systems ranging from microscopic to the astronomical. Appropriate for students studying for pre-medical degrees, for education majors, and for students needing background basics for engineering. Lecture hours = 3, Lab hours = 3

developed to explain topics in mechanics, including motion, force, and energy for systems ranging from microscopic to the astronomical. Appropriate for students studying for pre-medical degrees, for education majors, and for students needing background basics for engineering. Lecture hours = 3, Lab hours = 3

### Prerequisites

TSIP math & reading completed and a background in algebra and trigonometry required.

### Course Curriculum

### Basic Intellectual Compentencies in the Core Curriculum

- Reading
- Writing
- Speaking
- Listening
- Critical thinking
- Computer literacy

### Perspectives in the Core Curriculum

- Develop a capacity to use knowledge of how technology and science affect their lives.
- Use logical reasoning in problem solving.
- Integrate knowledge and understand the interrelationships of the scholarly disciplines.

### Core Components and Related Exemplary Educational Objectives

### Communication (composition, speech, modern language)

- To participate effectively in groups with emphasis on listening, critical and reflective thinking, and responding.

### Mathematics

- To interpret mathematical models such as formulas, graphs, tables and schematics, and draw inferences from them.

### Natural Sciences

- To understand and apply method and appropriate technology to the study of natural sciences.
- To recognize scientific and quantitative methods and the differences between these approaches and other methods of inquiry and to communicate findings, analyses, and interpretation both orally and in writing.
- To identify and recognize the differences among competing scientific theories.
- To demonstrate knowledge of the major issues and problems facing modern science, including issues that touch upon ethics, values, and public policies.
- To demonstrate knowledge of the interdependence of science and technology and their influence on, and contribution to, modern culture.

### Instructional Goals and Purposes

Panola College's instructional goals include 1) creating an academic atmosphere in which students may develop their intellects and skills and 2) providing courses so students may receive a certificate/an associate degree or transfer to a senior institution that offers baccalaureate degrees.

### General Course Objectives

Successful completion of this course will promote the general student learning outcomes
listed below. The student will:

1. Become acquainted with the basic fundamental physical laws and principles which govern and give meaning to our universe.

2. Develop an understanding of scientific methods and the evolution of scientific thought.

3. Explain physical phenomena in proper, clear, technical terms.

4. Correctly identify basic physical principles and specify the procedural knowledge to arrive at a solution for some desired unknown, when presented with problem situations.

5. Demonstrate mathematical skills necessary to carry an argument from the "givens" to the "to finds" alluded in (4) above.

6. Develop laboratory techniques of experimenting, measuring, data evaluation, presentation of results, and drawing inferences from these results.

1. Become acquainted with the basic fundamental physical laws and principles which govern and give meaning to our universe.

2. Develop an understanding of scientific methods and the evolution of scientific thought.

3. Explain physical phenomena in proper, clear, technical terms.

4. Correctly identify basic physical principles and specify the procedural knowledge to arrive at a solution for some desired unknown, when presented with problem situations.

5. Demonstrate mathematical skills necessary to carry an argument from the "givens" to the "to finds" alluded in (4) above.

6. Develop laboratory techniques of experimenting, measuring, data evaluation, presentation of results, and drawing inferences from these results.

### Specific Course Objectives

Successful completion of this course will promote the general student learning outcomes
listed below. The student will:

1. Become acquainted with the basic fundamental physical laws and principles which govern and give meaning to our universe.

2. Develop an understanding of scientific methods and the evolution of scientific thought.

3. Explain physical phenomena in proper, clear, technical terms.

4. Correctly identify basic physical principles and specify the procedural knowledge to arrive at a solution for some desired unknown, when presented with problem situations.

5. Demonstrate mathematical skills necessary to carry an argument from the "givens" to the "to finds" alluded in (4) above.

6. Develop laboratory techniques of experimenting, measuring, data evaluation, presentation of results, and drawing inferences from these results.

1. Become acquainted with the basic fundamental physical laws and principles which govern and give meaning to our universe.

2. Develop an understanding of scientific methods and the evolution of scientific thought.

3. Explain physical phenomena in proper, clear, technical terms.

4. Correctly identify basic physical principles and specify the procedural knowledge to arrive at a solution for some desired unknown, when presented with problem situations.

5. Demonstrate mathematical skills necessary to carry an argument from the "givens" to the "to finds" alluded in (4) above.

6. Develop laboratory techniques of experimenting, measuring, data evaluation, presentation of results, and drawing inferences from these results.

### General Description of Each Lecture or Discussion

KINEMATICS

1. Understand and use the relationship between displacement, velocity, and acceleration in solving problems.

2. Distinguish between average and instantaneous concepts.

3. Recognize and apply the equations of kinematics when motion occurs under constant

acceleration.

4. Distinguish between vector and scalar quantities.

5. Understand and be able to apply the basic properties of vectors, including addition of vectors,

components of vectors, and unit vectors.

6. Recognize and apply the equations of kinematics when motion occurs under constant

acceleration in two (or more) directions.

7. Recognize and understand the difference between translational and curvilinear motion.

FORCES AND FORCE AND MOTION

1. Write, in one's own words, a description of Newton's laws of motion and give physical examples of each law.

2. Discuss the concept of a force and the effect of an unbalanced force on the motion of a body.

3. Discuss the concepts of mass and inertia and understand the difference between mass (a scalar) and weight (a vector).

4. Be able to apply Newton's laws of motion to various mechanical systems using a systematic

approach for both one-body problems and two-or more-body problems.

5. Realize that the laws of static and kinetic friction are empirical in nature that is, based on

observations), and recognize that the maximum force of friction and the force of kinetic friction are both proportional to the normal force on a body.

6. Distinguish the two different equilibriums, static and dynamic.

7. Solve problems involving one or more bodies in one or more dimensions.

IMPULSE, MOMENTUM, WORK AND ENERGY

1. Understand the concept of linear momentum of a particle and the relation between the resultant force on a particle and the time rate of change of its momentum.

2. Recognize that the impulse of a force acting on a particle over some time interval equals the

change in momentum of the particle.

3. Understand and apply the Conservation of Linear Momentum.

4. Describe and distinguish the two types of collisions that can occur between two particles, elastic and inelastic.

5. Recognize that work is a scalar and that work done by a force can be positive, negative, or zero.

6. Take the scalar or dot product of any two vectors and recognize that work is a scalar product.

7. Describe the work done by a force which varies with position.

8. Relate the work done by the net force to the change in either the kinetic energy and/or the potential energy.

9. Understand the Conservation of Energy and be able to solve problems using the Conservation of Energy.

10. Understand the distinction between kinetic energy (energy associated with motion), potential energy (energy associated with position), and the total mechanical energy of a system.

11. Distinguish between average power and instantaneous power.

ROTATIONAL MOTION

1. Understand the relationships between the linear and angular quantities of displacement, speed, and acceleration.

2. Understand the nature of the acceleration of a particle moving in a circle with constant speed.

3. Describe the differences between centripetal and centrifugal forces.

4. Be able to write the definition of torque and understand its three-dimensionality.

5. Be able to state, explain and give examples of the conservation of angular momentum.

6. Be able to solve problems in rotational motion involving centripetal force, angular momentum, torque, and energy.

7. Analyze problems of rigid bodies in static equilibrium.

PROPERTIES OF MATTER, GRAVITY, AND OSCILLATORY MOTION

1. Understand the relationship between stress and strain for the elastic, shear, and bulk modulus.

2. Describe the general characteristics of simple harmonic motion and be able to relate SHM to circular motion.

3. Understand the relationship between force, acceleration, velocity, position, period, and energy of

a mass-spring system, and a simple pendulum system.

4. Be able to work a variety of problems involving springs and/or pendulums.

5. Define the density of a substance and understand the concept of pressure of a point in a fluid, and the variation of pressure with depth.

6. Understand the origin of buoyant forces, state and explain Archimedes' principle, and be able to work problems involving buoyant forces.

7. Understand Pascal's principle and the idea of flotation.

8. State the simplifying assumptions of an ideal fluid moving with streamline flow.

9. Derive the equation of continuity and Bernoulli's equation for an ideal fluid in motion, and understand the physical significance of each equation.

10. Present a qualitative discussion of some application of Bernoulli's equation, such as air lift and available energy from winds.

11. Be familiar with the gravitational force and be able to do calculations with this force.

12. Understand the meaning of Kepler's three laws of planetary motion.

13. Understand the concept of the gravitational field and the gravitational potential.

14. Be able to calculate the orbital velocity of a satellite and to calculate the escape velocity of an object.

HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS

1. Understand the concepts of the thermal equilibrium and thermal contact between two bodies, and state the zeroth law of thermodynamics.

2. Understand thermal expansion of solids and liquids and learn how to deal with the coefficients of expansion in practical situations involving expansion or contraction.

3. Understand the concepts of heat, internal energy, and thermodynamic processes.

4. Provide a qualitative description of different types of phase changes which a substance may undergo, and the changes in energy which accompany such processes.

5. Discuss the possible mechanisms which can give rise to heat transfer between a system and its surroundings: that is, head conduction, convention and radiation.

6. Determine the relationship between variables in an equation of state for an ideal gas.

7. Be able to solve the general gas law and to use phase diagrams (PV, PT, VT) for describing changes in state.

8. Recognize that the temperature of an ideal gas is proportional to the average molecular kinetic energy.

9. State the theorem of equipartition of energy, noting that each degree of freedom of a molecule contributes an equal amount of energy, of magnitude NkT.

10. Understand the basic principle of the operation of a heat engine, and be able to define and discuss the thermal efficiency of a heat engine.

11. State the second law of thermodynamics.

12. State the first law of thermodynamics and explain the meaning of the three forms of energy contained in the statement.

13. Discuss the concept of entropy, and give a thermodynamic definition of energy.

LABORATORY

1. Be able to use a computer to acquire data, display data, and to do data analysis.

2. Use a variety of sensors and measuring instruments to measure physical quantities.

3. Make measurements in kinematics, force, momentum-impulse, two-dimensional motion, workenergy, rotational motion, and others.

4. Write laboratory summaries and/or reports based on measurements, observations, calculations, and/or analysis.

1. Understand and use the relationship between displacement, velocity, and acceleration in solving problems.

2. Distinguish between average and instantaneous concepts.

3. Recognize and apply the equations of kinematics when motion occurs under constant

acceleration.

4. Distinguish between vector and scalar quantities.

5. Understand and be able to apply the basic properties of vectors, including addition of vectors,

components of vectors, and unit vectors.

6. Recognize and apply the equations of kinematics when motion occurs under constant

acceleration in two (or more) directions.

7. Recognize and understand the difference between translational and curvilinear motion.

FORCES AND FORCE AND MOTION

1. Write, in one's own words, a description of Newton's laws of motion and give physical examples of each law.

2. Discuss the concept of a force and the effect of an unbalanced force on the motion of a body.

3. Discuss the concepts of mass and inertia and understand the difference between mass (a scalar) and weight (a vector).

4. Be able to apply Newton's laws of motion to various mechanical systems using a systematic

approach for both one-body problems and two-or more-body problems.

5. Realize that the laws of static and kinetic friction are empirical in nature that is, based on

observations), and recognize that the maximum force of friction and the force of kinetic friction are both proportional to the normal force on a body.

6. Distinguish the two different equilibriums, static and dynamic.

7. Solve problems involving one or more bodies in one or more dimensions.

IMPULSE, MOMENTUM, WORK AND ENERGY

1. Understand the concept of linear momentum of a particle and the relation between the resultant force on a particle and the time rate of change of its momentum.

2. Recognize that the impulse of a force acting on a particle over some time interval equals the

change in momentum of the particle.

3. Understand and apply the Conservation of Linear Momentum.

4. Describe and distinguish the two types of collisions that can occur between two particles, elastic and inelastic.

5. Recognize that work is a scalar and that work done by a force can be positive, negative, or zero.

6. Take the scalar or dot product of any two vectors and recognize that work is a scalar product.

7. Describe the work done by a force which varies with position.

8. Relate the work done by the net force to the change in either the kinetic energy and/or the potential energy.

9. Understand the Conservation of Energy and be able to solve problems using the Conservation of Energy.

10. Understand the distinction between kinetic energy (energy associated with motion), potential energy (energy associated with position), and the total mechanical energy of a system.

11. Distinguish between average power and instantaneous power.

ROTATIONAL MOTION

1. Understand the relationships between the linear and angular quantities of displacement, speed, and acceleration.

2. Understand the nature of the acceleration of a particle moving in a circle with constant speed.

3. Describe the differences between centripetal and centrifugal forces.

4. Be able to write the definition of torque and understand its three-dimensionality.

5. Be able to state, explain and give examples of the conservation of angular momentum.

6. Be able to solve problems in rotational motion involving centripetal force, angular momentum, torque, and energy.

7. Analyze problems of rigid bodies in static equilibrium.

PROPERTIES OF MATTER, GRAVITY, AND OSCILLATORY MOTION

1. Understand the relationship between stress and strain for the elastic, shear, and bulk modulus.

2. Describe the general characteristics of simple harmonic motion and be able to relate SHM to circular motion.

3. Understand the relationship between force, acceleration, velocity, position, period, and energy of

a mass-spring system, and a simple pendulum system.

4. Be able to work a variety of problems involving springs and/or pendulums.

5. Define the density of a substance and understand the concept of pressure of a point in a fluid, and the variation of pressure with depth.

6. Understand the origin of buoyant forces, state and explain Archimedes' principle, and be able to work problems involving buoyant forces.

7. Understand Pascal's principle and the idea of flotation.

8. State the simplifying assumptions of an ideal fluid moving with streamline flow.

9. Derive the equation of continuity and Bernoulli's equation for an ideal fluid in motion, and understand the physical significance of each equation.

10. Present a qualitative discussion of some application of Bernoulli's equation, such as air lift and available energy from winds.

11. Be familiar with the gravitational force and be able to do calculations with this force.

12. Understand the meaning of Kepler's three laws of planetary motion.

13. Understand the concept of the gravitational field and the gravitational potential.

14. Be able to calculate the orbital velocity of a satellite and to calculate the escape velocity of an object.

HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS

1. Understand the concepts of the thermal equilibrium and thermal contact between two bodies, and state the zeroth law of thermodynamics.

2. Understand thermal expansion of solids and liquids and learn how to deal with the coefficients of expansion in practical situations involving expansion or contraction.

3. Understand the concepts of heat, internal energy, and thermodynamic processes.

4. Provide a qualitative description of different types of phase changes which a substance may undergo, and the changes in energy which accompany such processes.

5. Discuss the possible mechanisms which can give rise to heat transfer between a system and its surroundings: that is, head conduction, convention and radiation.

6. Determine the relationship between variables in an equation of state for an ideal gas.

7. Be able to solve the general gas law and to use phase diagrams (PV, PT, VT) for describing changes in state.

8. Recognize that the temperature of an ideal gas is proportional to the average molecular kinetic energy.

9. State the theorem of equipartition of energy, noting that each degree of freedom of a molecule contributes an equal amount of energy, of magnitude NkT.

10. Understand the basic principle of the operation of a heat engine, and be able to define and discuss the thermal efficiency of a heat engine.

11. State the second law of thermodynamics.

12. State the first law of thermodynamics and explain the meaning of the three forms of energy contained in the statement.

13. Discuss the concept of entropy, and give a thermodynamic definition of energy.

LABORATORY

1. Be able to use a computer to acquire data, display data, and to do data analysis.

2. Use a variety of sensors and measuring instruments to measure physical quantities.

3. Make measurements in kinematics, force, momentum-impulse, two-dimensional motion, workenergy, rotational motion, and others.

4. Write laboratory summaries and/or reports based on measurements, observations, calculations, and/or analysis.

### Methods of Instruction/Course Format/Delivery

Faculty may choose from but are not limited to the following methods of instruction:
lecture, discussion, Internet, video, television, demonstrations, field trips, collaborations,
readings.

### Assessment

Faculty may assign both in- and out-of-class activities to evaluate students' knowledge

and abilities. Faculty may choose from the following methods:

• Attendance

• Book reviews

• Class preparedness and participation

• Collaborative learning projects

• Compositions

• Exams/tests/quizzes

• Homework

• Internet

• Journals

• Library assignments

• Readings

• Research papers

• Scientific observations

• Student-teacher conferences

• Written assignments

and abilities. Faculty may choose from the following methods:

• Attendance

• Book reviews

• Class preparedness and participation

• Collaborative learning projects

• Compositions

• Exams/tests/quizzes

• Homework

• Internet

• Journals

• Library assignments

• Readings

• Research papers

• Scientific observations

• Student-teacher conferences

• Written assignments

Students' final grades are determined by:

Exams 20% to 30%

Homework/Quizzes 20% to 30%

Laboratory Work 20% to 30%

Other 0% to 10%

Final Exam 20% to 30%

Exams 20% to 30%

Homework/Quizzes 20% to 30%

Laboratory Work 20% to 30%

Other 0% to 10%

Final Exam 20% to 30%

### Text, Required Readings, Materials, and Supplies

• College Physics, 2ed., Giambattista, Richardson, Richardson, with ARIS access, McGraw/Hill,
copyright 2007.

• Scientific calculator (graphing preferred).

• Access to a computer with a broadband Internet connection.

• Scientific calculator (graphing preferred).

• Access to a computer with a broadband Internet connection.