BIOL 2404

Introductory Anatomy and Physiology

BIOL 2404

Updated August 22, 2012

  • State Approval Code: 2607075103
  • Semester Credit Hours: 4
  • Lecture Hours per Week: 3
  • Lab Hours per Week: 3
  • Contact Hours per Semester: 96

Catalog Description

A single semester course (lecture + lab). This course is not acceptable in the ADN, HIT, or OTA programs. Study of the structure and function of human anatomy, including the neuroendocrine, integumentary, musculoskeletal, digestive, urinary, reproductive, respiratory, and circulatory systems. Lecture hours = 3, Lab hours = 3

Course Curriculum

Basic Intellectual Compentencies in the Core Curriculum

  • Reading
  • Listening

Perspectives in the Core Curriculum

  • Recognize the importance of maintaining health and wellness.
  • Develop a capacity to use knowledge of how technology and science affect their lives.
  • Integrate knowledge and understand the interrelationships of the scholarly disciplines.

Core Components and Related Exemplary Educational Objectives

Natural Sciences

  • To understand and apply method and appropriate technology to the study of natural sciences.
  • To identify and recognize the differences among competing scientific theories.
  • To demonstrate knowledge of the major issues and problems facing modern science, including issues that touch upon ethics, values, and public policies.
  • To demonstrate knowledge of the interdependence of science and technology and their influence on, and contribution to, modern culture.

Instructional Goals and Purposes

Panola College's instructional goals include 1) creating an academic atmosphere in which students may develop their intellects and skills and 2) providing courses so students may receive a certificate/an associate degree or transfer to a senior institution that offers baccalaureate degrees.

General Course Objectives

Successful completion of Introductory Anatomy and Physiology will allow the student to...
• develop an understanding of anatomical structure and physiological function
• develop an understanding of the interrelationships of body organ systems.

Specific Course Objectives

Lecture Objectives
1. To identify basic anatomy and physiology concepts.
2. To interrelate chemistry with anatomy and physiology.
3. To identify structural components of the cell and recognize how the cell is genetically regulated.
4. To relate enzymes, energy and metabolism to cell function.
5. To identify the importance of membrane transport and membrane potential to cell function.
6. To examine the classification, structure and function of tissues.
7. To identify the structure, function and clinical considerations of the integumentary system.
8. To identify the structure, function and clinical considerations of bone and describe bone development.
9. To identify bones and structures comprising the axial and appendicular skeletons.
10. To describe the structure, function and clinical importance of articulations.
11. To identify the structure, function, and clinical considerations associated with muscles.
12. To identify muscles of the axial and appendicular skeleton.
13. To describe the functional organization of the nervous system.
14. To identify characteristics, components and functions of the central nervous system.
15. To identify characteristics, components and functions of the peripheral nervous system.
16. To identify characteristics, components and functions of the autonomic nervous system.
17. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of sensory organs.
18. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of the endocrine system.
19. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of the formed elements of the blood.
20. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of the heart.
21. To identify physiological aspects of cardiac output and blood flow.
22. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of the lymphatic system.
23. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of the respiratory system.
24. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of the urinary system.
25. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of the digestive system.
26. To describe metabolism of macromolecules and discuss energy regulation.
27. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of the reproductive system.
28. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of developmental anatomy and inheritance.
Laboratory Objectives
1. To identify basic anatomy and physiology concepts.
2. To interrelate chemistry with anatomy and physiology.
3. To identify structural components of the cell and recognize how the cell is genetically regulated.
4. To relate enzymes, energy and metabolism to cell function.
5. To identify the importance of membrane transport and membrane potential to cell function.
6. To examine the classification, structure and function of tissues.
7. To identify the structure, function and clinical considerations of the integumentary system.
8. To identify the structure, function and clinical considerations of bone and describe bone development.
9. To identify bones and structures comprising the axial and appendicular skeletons.
10. To describe the structure, function and clinical importance of articulations.
11. To identify the structure, function, and clinical considerations associated with muscles.
12. To identify muscles of the axial and appendicular skeleton.
13. To identify characteristics, components and functions of the central nervous system.
14. To identify characteristics, components and functions of the peripheral nervous system.
15. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of sensory organs.
16. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of the endocrine system.
17. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of the formed elements of the blood.
18. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of the heart.
19. To identify physiological aspects of cardiac output and blood flow.
20. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of the respiratory system.
21. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of the urinary system.
22. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of the digestive system.
23. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of the reproductive system.
24. To identify structure, function and clinical considerations of developmental anatomy and inheritance.

General Description of Each Lecture or Discussion

Lecture
Unit #1 – Lecture Objectives 1-6
Unit #2 – Lecture Objectives 7-12
Unit #3 – Lecture Objective 13-17
Unit #4 – Lecture Objectives 18-21
Unit #5 – Lecture Objectives 22-24
Unit #6 – Lecture Objectives 25-27
Unit #7 – Lecture Objectives 28
Laboratory
Unit #1 – Laboratory Objectives 1-5
Unit #2 – Laboratory Objectives 6-10
Unit #3 – Laboratory Objectives 11-12 
Unit #4 – Laboratory Objectives 13-15
Unit #5 – Laboratory Objectives 16-19
Unit #6 – Laboratory Objectives 20-24

Methods of Instruction/Course Format/Delivery

Lecture, class discussion, reading assignments, laboratory performance, computer-based assignments including CD-ROM and web-based tutorials.
Grading scale: A=90-100, B=80-89, C=70-79, D=60-69, F=59 and below
Components: Lecture is 70% of total course grade; Laboratory is 30% of total course grade.
The number or exams, quizzes, and awarding of points will be at the discretion of the professor.
Laboratory:
Lab Quiz Grade: Any laboratory session may begin or end with a quiz. Missed lab quizzes due to legitimate reasons should be rescheduled within one week of the scheduled quiz. It is the responsibility of the student to schedule makeup quizzes. Makeup quizzes will consist of fill in the blank questions.
Lab Exercise Grade: Laboratory exercises may include drawings, laboratory reports or any other methodologies deemed important by the professor. To earn credit for laboratory work the student must be both present and participating in the activity. Lab exercises are due the next scheduled lab meeting after a laboratory exercise has been completed. Thirty points or more will be taken away for any assignment turned in late. The quantity of materials necessary and the time sensitive nature of some exercises are usually not conducive for make-up sessions.
Lab Practicals: Lab practicals will cover all items studied in lab (including: models, charts, pictures, diagrams, dissections, and experiments). Lab practicals will consist of fill in the blank questions. Missed lab practicals due to legitimate reasons should be rescheduled within one week of the scheduled lab practical. It is the responsibility of the student to schedule makeup lab quizzes. The professor will determine makeup lab practical formats.
Lab Grade: Lab quizzes – 20% of lab grade, Lab exercises – 40% of lab grade, and Lab practicals – 40% of lab grade.
A student can earn 2 points on their lab average for participating in lab activities, and not exceeding the college’s attendance policy (see above).
Lecture:
Quiz: Any lecture session may begin or end with a quiz. Quiz questions will be drawn from lecture notes, reading assignments, text objectives and review questions. Each quiz will consist of multiple-choice questions. Missed quizzes due to legitimate reasons should be rescheduled within one week of the scheduled quiz. It is the responsibility of the student to schedule makeup quizzes. Makeup quizzes will consist of fill in the blank questions. The professor reserves the right to change the test format on any make-up quiz.
Exams: Six tests will be given during the semester. Test questions will be drawn from lecture notes, reading assignments, text objectives and review questions. Each exam will consist of multiple-choice, matching, fill in the blank, and essay type questions. Missed examinations due to legitimate reasons should be rescheduled within one week of the scheduled examination. It is the responsibility of the student to schedule makeup quizzes. A student will not be permitted more than one makeup exam. Makeup exams will consist of multiple-choice, matching, fill in the blank and 2 essay questions. The professor reserves the right to change the test format on any make-up test.
Final Exam: A final comprehensive examination will be given the week of final exams and will cover material from the whole semester. The final comprehensive exam will consist of multiple-choice and matching questions.
Lecture Grade: Quizzes – 10%, Tests – 70% of lecture grade, and Final exam – 20% of lecture grade.
A student can have the final exam can replace the lowest lecture exam grade by participating in lecture activities, and not exceeding the college’s attendance policy (see above).

Text, Required Readings, Materials, and Supplies

Required:
Logenbaker. 2011. Mader’s Understanding Human Anatomy and Physiology 7th ed. McGraw Hill: Boston, MA.
Murphy & Gregory. 2011. Laboratory Guide for Introduction to Human Anatomy & Physiology Biol 2404. Tyler Junior College: Tyler, TX.
Optional:
Krieger. 2007. A Visual Analogy Guide to Human Physiology 1st ed. Morton Publishing: Englewood, CO.
Krieger. 2005. A Visual Analogy Guide to Human Anatomy 1st ed. Morton Publishing: Englewood, CO.
Van De Graaf, and Crawley. 2003. A Photographic Atlas for the Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory 5th ed.
2008. Anatomy and Physiology Revealed Version 2.0, CD on Integument, Skeletal, Muscular system, Nervous system, Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Lymphatic, Digestive, Endocrine, Urinary and Reproductive Systems. McGraw-Hill, Boston, MA.
Laboratory coat or apron/gloves
Dissection Kit
Map Colors
Course requirements The student is responsible for attending all lectures and laboratories and completing all assigned lecture/lab assignments/examinations. When the professor feels that the student has been absent to such a degree as to invalidate the learning experience, the professor may recommend to the Vice President of Instructional Affairs that the student be dropped from the course. The professor may drop the student for attendance deficiencies after they have accumulated the following number of absences:
Regular sessions
5 absences......MWF classes
3 absences......TTH or MW classes
2 absences......T or W or TH classes
The student is also responsible for being punctual to class and attentive in class. One point will be deducted from the final average in lecture or lab for every absence that exceeds the college’s attendance policy (above). Three tardies count as one absence.
Academic integrity is an important value in student development. Plagiarism and cheating are not allowed. Any student found cheating on an assignment or exam would be given a zero for that assignment, and could be dropped from the course.
The student is responsible for taking notes, reading and outlining course materials, and being prepared for lecture and laboratory responsibilities.
It is the responsibility of the student to complete and turn in all course work on the scheduled dates. Thirty points or more will be taken away for any assignment turned in late. Regardless of any situation, the professor should be contacted ASAP to develop an alternate schedule.
** The student will need to makeup the missed lab hours. Failure to makeup the missed lab hours will result in a loss of points. For example, if a student turns in a lab assignment without making up the missed hours will only get 40% of the total grade.