BIOL 2401

Anatomy and Physiology 1

BIOL 2401

Updated August 22, 2012

  • State Approval Code: 2607075103
  • Semester Credit Hours: 4
  • Lecture Hours per Week: 3
  • Lab Hours per Week: 3
  • Contact Hours per Semester: 96

Catalog Description

Functional anatomy and physiological activities of cells, tissues, and different body systems are emphasized. Lecture hours = 3, Lab hours = 3

Prerequisites

TSIP reading completed. A background in basic chemistry and basic biology is advised. One semester from the following is recommended: CHEM 1405, CHEM 1411, BIOL 1408, BIOL 1409, BIOL 1411, BIOL 1413 or BIOL 2404.

Course Curriculum

Basic Intellectual Compentencies in the Core Curriculum

  • Reading
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Listening
  • Critical thinking
  • Computer literacy

Perspectives in the Core Curriculum

  • Recognize the importance of maintaining health and wellness.
  • Develop a capacity to use knowledge of how technology and science affect their lives.
  • Integrate knowledge and understand the interrelationships of the scholarly disciplines.

Core Components and Related Exemplary Educational Objectives

Natural Sciences

  • To understand and apply method and appropriate technology to the study of natural sciences.
  • To recognize scientific and quantitative methods and the differences between these approaches and other methods of inquiry and to communicate findings, analyses, and interpretation both orally and in writing.
  • To identify and recognize the differences among competing scientific theories.
  • To demonstrate knowledge of the major issues and problems facing modern science, including issues that touch upon ethics, values, and public policies.
  • To demonstrate knowledge of the interdependence of science and technology and their influence on, and contribution to, modern culture.

Instructional Goals and Purposes

Panola College's instructional goals include 1) creating an academic atmosphere in which students may develop their intellects and skills and 2) providing courses so students may receive a certificate/an associate degree or transfer to a senior institution that offers baccalaureate degrees.

General Course Objectives

Successful completion of Human Anatomy and Physiology 1 will allow the student to...
• develop an understanding of the interrelationships of body organ systems.
• develop a critical understanding of the structure of an organ, tissue or cell as a prerequisite to comprehending its function.
• acquire critical thinking skills by applying/relating physiological, clinical and medical topics in human biology.

Specific Course Objectives

Lecture Objectives:

1. To identify basic anatomy and physiology concepts.
2. To interrelate chemistry with anatomy and physiology.
3. To identify structural components of the cell and recognize how the cell is genetically regulated.
4. To relate enzymes, energy and metabolism to cell function.
5. To identify the importance of membrane transport and membrane potential to cell function.
6. To examine the classification, structure and function of tissues.
7. To identify the structure, function and clinical considerations of the integumentary system.
8. To identify the structure, function and clinical considerations of bone and describe bone development.
9. To identify bones and structures comprising the axial and appendicular skeletons.
10. To describe the structure, function and clinical importance of articulations.
11. To identify the structure, function, and clinical considerations associated with muscles.
12. To identify muscles of the axial and appendicular skeleton.
13. To describe the functional organization of the nervous system.
14. To identify characteristics, components and functions of the central nervous system.
15. To identify characteristics, components and functions of the peripheral nervous system.
16. To identify characteristics, components and functions of the autonomic nervous system.

Laboratory Objectives
1. To identify basic anatomy and physiology concepts.
2. To interrelate chemistry with anatomy and physiology.
3. To identify structural components of the cell and recognize how the cell is genetically regulated.
4. To relate enzymes, energy and metabolism to cell function.
5. To identify the importance of membrane transport and membrane potential to cell function.
6. To examine the classification, structure and function of tissues.
7. To identify the structure, function and clinical considerations of the integumentary system. 
8. To identify the structure, function and clinical considerations of bone and describe bone development.
9. To identify bones and structures comprising the axial and appendicular skeletons.
10. To describe the structure, function and clinical importance of articulations.
11. To identify the structure, function, and clinical considerations associated with muscles.
12. To identify muscles of the axial and appendicular skeleton.
13. To identify characteristics, components and functions of the central nervous system.
14. To identify characteristics, components and functions of the peripheral nervous system.

General Description of Each Lecture or Discussion

Lecture
Unit #1 – Lecture Objectives 1-5
Unit #2 – Lecture Objectives 5-8
Unit #3 – Lecture Objective 9
Unit #4 – Lecture Objectives 11-12
Unit #5 – Lecture Objectives 13-16
Laboratory
Unit #1 – Laboratory Objectives 1-4
Unit #2 – Laboratory Objectives 5-7
Unit #3 – Laboratory Objectives 8-9
Unit #4 – Laboratory Objectives 9-10
Unit #5 – Laboratory Objectives 11-12
Unit #6 – Laboratory Objectives 13-14

Methods of Instruction/Course Format/Delivery

Lecture, class discussion, reading assignments, laboratory performance, computer-based assignments including CD-ROM and web-based tutorials.

Grading scale: A=90-100, B=80-89, C=70-79, D=60-69, F=59 and below
Components: Lecture is 70% of total course grade; Laboratory is 30% of total course grade.
The number or exams, quizzes, and awarding of points will be at the discretion of the professor.
Laboratory:
Lab Quiz Grade: Any laboratory session may begin or end with a quiz. Missed lab quizzes due to legitimate reasons should be rescheduled within one week of the scheduled quiz. It is the responsibility of the student to schedule makeup quizzes. Makeup quizzes will consist of fill in the blank questions.
Lab Exercise Grade: Laboratory exercises may include drawings, laboratory reports or any other methodologies deemed important by the professor. To earn credit for laboratory work the student must be both present and participating in the activity. Lab exercises are due the next scheduled lab meeting after a laboratory exercise has been completed. Thirty points or more will be taken away for any assignment turned in late. The quantity of materials necessary and the time sensitive nature of some exercises are usually not conducive for make-up sessions.
Home-Work Quizzes: There will be several homework quizzes on Canvas. The quizzes are untimed and multiple attempts are allowed. They will be open for a few days and will close at date and time set by the professor. No extensions are allowed on these quizzes. You have to score 80% or more on each quiz to get a grade; otherwise a zero will be recorded for that grade. Last updated Fall 2010-3
Lab Practicals: Lab practicals will cover all items studied in lab (including: models, charts, pictures, diagrams, dissections, and experiments). Lab practicals will consist of fill in the blank questions. Missed lab practicals due to legitimate reasons should be rescheduled within one week of the scheduled lab practical. A student will not be permitted more than one makeup practical. It is the responsibility of the student to schedule a makeup lab practical. The professor will determine makeup lab practical format.
  •  Lab Grade: Lab quizzes – 20% of lab grade, Lab exercises – 30% of lab grade, Home-Work Quizzes – 10% and Lab practicals – 40% of lab grade.
  • A student can earn 2 points on their lab average for participating in lab activities, and not exceeding the college’s attendance policy (see below).
Lecture:
Quiz: Any lecture session may begin or end with a quiz. Quiz questions will be drawn from lecture notes, reading assignments, text objectives and review questions. Each quiz will consist of multiple-choice questions. Missed quizzes due to legitimate reasons should be rescheduled within one week of the scheduled quiz. It is the responsibility of the student to schedule makeup quizzes. Makeup quizzes will consist of fill in the blank questions. The professor reserves the right to change the test format on any make-up quiz.
Exams: Four tests will be given during the semester. Test questions will be drawn from lecture notes, reading assignments, text objectives and review questions. Each exam will consist of multiple-choice, matching, fill in the blank, and essay type questions. Missed examinations due to legitimate reasons should be rescheduled within one week of the scheduled examination. It is the responsibility of the student to schedule a makeup exam. A student will not be permitted more than one makeup exam. A makeup exam will consist of multiple-choice, matching, fill in the blank and 2 essay questions. The professor reserves the right to change the test format of the make-up exam.
Home-Work Quizzes: There will be several homework quizzes on Canvas. The quizzes are untimed and multiple attempts are allowed. They will be open for a few days and will close at date and time set by the professor. No extensions are allowed on these quizzes. You have to score 80% or more on each quiz to get a grade; otherwise a zero will be recorded for that grade.
Final Exam: A final comprehensive examination will be given the week of final exams and will cover material from the whole semester. The final comprehensive exam will consist of multiple-choice and matching questions.
  • Lecture Grade: Quizzes – 10%, Tests – 60% of lecture grade, Home-Work Quizzes – 10%, and Final exam – 20% of lecture grade.
  • A student can have the final exam can replace the lowest lecture exam grade by participating in lecture activities, and not exceeding the college’s attendance policy (see below).

Text, Required Readings, Materials, and Supplies

Required:
Interactive Physiology 10-System Suite CD.
Martini, Nath and Bartholomew. 2012. Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology 9th ed. Pearson Education, Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco, CA.
Martini and Welch. 2012. Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology Applications Manual 9th ed. Pearson Education, Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco, CA.
Martini, Ober, Welch, Garrison & Hutchings. 2012. Martini’s Atlas of the Human Body 9th ed. Pearson Education, Benjamin Cummings. San Francisco, CA. 
Wood. 2013. Laboratory Manual for Anatomy and Physiology –Main version 5th ed. Pearson Education, Boston, MA.
Practice Anatomy Laboratory (PAL) CD
Optional:
Bowden and Bowden. 2005. An Illustrated Atlas of the Skeletal Muscles 2nd ed. Morton Publishing, Englewood, CO.
Kapit and Elson. 1993. Anatomy Coloring Book 2nd ed. Addison-Wesley, New York, NY.
Krieger. 2005. A Visual Analogy Guide to Human Anatomy 1st ed. Morton Publishing, Englewood, CO.
Sackheim, George. 1995. Introduction to Chemistry for Biology Students. Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Redwood City, California.
Seiger. 2005. Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology Study Guide 7th ed. Pearson Education, Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco, CA.
Van De Graaf and Crawley. 2003. A Photographic Atlas for the Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory 5th ed.
2008. Anatomy and Physiology Revealed version 2.0, Integument, Skeletal, Muscular system and Nervous systems. McGraw-Hill: Boston, MA.
Laboratory coat or apron/gloves
Dissection Kit; Map Colors

Course requirements The student is responsible for attending all lectures and laboratories and completing all assigned lecture/lab assignments/examinations. When the professor feels that the student has been absent to such a degree as to invalidate the learning experience, the professor may recommend to the Vice President of Instructional Affairs that the student be dropped from the course. The professor may drop the student for attendance deficiencies after they have accumulated the following number of absences:
Regular sessions
5 absences......MWF classes
3 absences......TTH or MW classes
2 absences......T or W or TH classes
The student is also responsible for being punctual to class and attentive in class. One point will be deducted from the final average in lecture or lab for every absence that exceeds the college’s attendance policy (above). Three tardies count as one absence.
Academic integrity is an important value in student development. Plagiarism and cheating are not allowed. Any student found cheating on an assignment or exam would be given a zero for that assignment, and could be dropped from the course.
The student is responsible for taking notes, reading and outlining course materials, and being prepared for lecture and laboratory responsibilities.
It is the responsibility of the student to complete and turn in all course work on the scheduled dates. Thirty points or more will be taken away for any assignment turned in late. Regardless of any situation, the professor should be contacted ASAP to develop an alternate schedule.
** The student will need to makeup the missed lab hours. Failure to makeup the missed lab hours will result in a loss of points. For example, if a student turns in a lab assignment without making up the missed hours will only get 40% of the total grade.